The Zero-day attack: Deployment and evolution

  • Xavier Riofrío Universidad de Cuenca
  • Fabian Astudillo-Salinas Universidad de Cuenca
  • Luis Tello-Oquendo Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo
  • Jorge Merchan-Lima Universidad de Cuenca
Keywords: Zero-day, impact, attack, vulnerability, deployment


In cybersecurity and computer science, the term “zero-day” is commonly related to troubles, threats, and hazards due to the lack of knowledge, experience, or misunderstanding. A zero-day attack is generally considered a new vulnerability with no defense; thus, the possible attack will have a highrisk probability, and a critical impact.  Unfortunately, only a few surveys on the topic are available that would help understand these threats, which are not enough to construct new solutions to detect, prevent, and mitigate them. In this paper, it is conducted a review of the zero-day attack, how to understand its real impact, and a few different accessible solutions nowadays. This study introduces a useful reference that provides researchers with knowledge to understand the current problem concerning zero- days attacks; hence they could develop solutions for facing them.


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Author Biography

Luis Tello-Oquendo, Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo
Luis Tello-Oquendo received the B.E. degree (1st class honors) in electronic and computer engineering from Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo (ESPOCH), Ecuador, in 2010; the M.Sc. degree (1st class honors) in telecommunication technologies, systems, and networks from Universitat Politécnica de Valencia (UPV), Spain, in 2013; and the Ph.D. degree (Cum Laude) in telecommunications engineering from UPV, Spain, in 2018. In 2011, he was a Lecturer with the Facultad de Ingeniería Electrónica, ESPOCH. From 2016 to 2017, he was a Visiting Research Scholar with the Broadband Wireless Networking Laboratory, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA. From 2014 to 2018, he was a Graduate Research Assistant with the Broadband Internetworking Research Group, ITACA Institute, UPV. His research interests include mobile and wireless communication networks, random access protocols, machine-type communications, wireless software-defined networks, LTE-A and beyond cellular systems, Internet of Things, and machine learning. He is a member of the IEEE and ACM. He was the recipient of the Best Academic Record Award from Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Telecomunicación, UPV, in 2013, and the IEEE ComSoc Award for attending the IEEE ComSoc Summer School, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA, in 2017.
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