ANN-MoC Method for Inverse Transient Transport Problems in One-Dimensional Domain

Keywords: artificial neural network, method of characteristics, particle neutral transport, inverse problem


Transport problems of neutral particles have important applications in engineering and medical fields, from safety and quality protocols to optical medical procedures. In this paper, the ANN-MoC approach is proposed to solve the inverse transient transport problem of estimating the absorption coefficient from scalar flux measurements at the boundaries of the model domain. The central idea is to fit an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) using samples generated by direct solutions computed by a Method of Characteristics (MoC) solver. The direct solver validation is performed on a manufactured solution problem. Two inverse problems are then presented for testing the ANN-MoC method. In the first, a homogeneous medium is assumed, and, in the second, the medium is heterogeneous with a piecewise constant absorption coefficient. We show that the method can achieve good estimates, with accuracy depending on that of the direct solver. We also include a test of sensibility by studying the propagation of noise on the input data. The results highlight the potential of the proposed method to be applied to a broader range of inverse transport problems.


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How to Cite
N. Garcia Roman, P. Costas dos Santos, and P. Konzen, “ANN-MoC Method for Inverse Transient Transport Problems in One-Dimensional Domain”, LAJC, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 41-50, Jul. 2024.
Research Articles for the Regular Issue