Gender differences taking into account the impact of teleworking during the COVID-19 pandemic period

  • Valentina Ramos Escuela Politécnica Nacional
  • Oscar Palacios Escuela Politécnica Nacional
  • Antonio Franco-Crespo Escuela Politécnica Nacional
  • Fernando Herrera Escuela Politécnica Nacional
  • Pablo Pazmiño Estrategia&Gestión
Keywords: telework, gender, digital productivity, well-being, telework resources, telework skills


Teleworking during the COVID-19 pandemic has presented situations that differentiate it compared to how it was initially designed, where benefits and facilities are identified for the people who take advantage of it. However, there are elements that make teleworking during the pandemic present different aspects, such as the lack of social interaction and the limitation of resources to work from home, aspects that affect women more than men. The study was carried out in Ecuador, in a sample of 370 people in a teleworking situation during the COVID-19 pandemic, measuring aspects such as teleworking skills, job characteristics, perception of productivity and mental well-being. In general, women report having more symptoms related to their mental health, fewer working conditions from home and greater limitations in relation to resources for teleworking. However, they show the same level of productivity compared to men. This research shows the gender disparity in this type of situation and advocates measures to be taken into account both at home and in the organizational context, which allow women to be supported in their development.


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